Deposit layer formation during skim milk dead-end filtration with ceramic hollow fiber membranes using magnetic resonance imaging
F. Arndta, H.-J. Heidebrechtc, N. Schorka,b, S. Schuhmanna,b, U. Kulozikc, S. Schützd, H. Nirschla and G. Guthausenb* aKarlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Mechanical Process Engineering and Mechanics and Pro2NMR, Straße am Forum 8, 76131 Karlsruhe bKarlsruhe Institute of Technology, Pro2NMR IBG-4 and MVM, Adenauerring 20b, 76131 Karlsruhe, Corresponding Author: [email protected] cTU München, Chair for Food and Bioprocess Engineering, Weihenstephaner Berg 1, 85354 Freising dMANN+HUMMEL GmbH, Schlieffenstraße 42, 71636 Ludwigsburg
A dead-end filtration process of skim milk with ceramic hollow fiber membranes was investigated using in situ Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Special emphasis was put on contrast optimization exploiting water relaxation times being sensitive to casein concentration in the formed deposit layer.